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Tijuca Forest

The Tijuca Forest (Portuguese: Floresta da Tijuca) is a tropical Rainforest in the city of Rio de JaneiroBrazil. It is claimed to be the world's largest urban forest, covering some 32 km² (12.4 mi²), although there are sources assigning this title to the urban forest of Johannesburg, South Africa, where between 6 and 9.5 million trees were planted. Similar to Rio de Janeiro's Tijuca Forest, the UNESCO World Heritage Site Singapore Botanic Gardens (established in 1859) is another renowned garden with a tropical Rainforest within its city limits. It also holds the Vista Chinesa.

Movie Appearance

In the beginning scene of Rio, Blu was first seen dancing in his nest as his fellow birds were singing "Real in Rio". As he was about to try to fly himself, smugglers suddenly triggered traps and caught the birds including himself, and were taken to Minnesota, Moose Lake.

It was next seen after Blu and Jewel escape from Nigel and The Smugglers and wander through the forest, looking for a safe place to spend the night. They rest for the night in the Vista Chinesa. The next morning, they encounter Rafael and his family. Rafael offers to take them to Luiz and leads them out of the forest to near the Pedra Bonita Gliding Ramp, where he attempts to teach Blu how to fly.

Its last appearance is during the second half "Real in Rio" at the end of the movie when the Spix's Macaw Family are flying over Rio.


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Floresta da Tijuca - Pedra da Gávea

The forest shares its name with bairros or neighborhoods of Tijuca and Barra da Tijuca that contain its entrances. It is located in a mountainous region, which encompasses the Tijuca Massif. The word Tijuca from the Tupi language means marsh and is a reference to the Tijuca Lagoon in the contemporary Barra da Tijuca. The forest forms a natural boundary that separates the West Zone of the city from the South, Central, and North ones and the North Zone from the South one.

The park is part of the Carioca Mosaic, established in 2011.


The Tijuca Forest is a man-made reclamation of land around Rio de Janeiro that had previously been cleared and developed to grow sugar and coffee. Replanting was carried out by Major Manuel Gomes Archer in the second half of the 19th century in a successful effort to protect Rio's water supply. This followed concerns made by the Brazilian Emperor Pedro II in 1861 about erosion and deforestation caused by intensive farming, as declining levels of rainfall had already begun affecting the supply of drinking water.

In 1961, Tijuca Forest was declared a national park. The Forest contains a number of attractions, most notably the colossal sculpture of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain. Other attractions include the Cascatinha Waterfall; the Mayrink Chapel, with murals painted by Cândido Portinari; the light pagoda-style gazebo at Vista Chinesa outlook; and the giant granite picnic table called the Mesa do Imperador. Among its impressive peaks is the Pedra da Gávea.


The Tijuca Forest is home to hundreds of species of plants and wildlife, many threatened by extinction, and found only in the Atlantic Rainforest (Mata Atlântica in Portuguese). The vegetation is so dense that scientists have estimated that ambient temperatures in surrounding areas have been lowered by up to 9 °C. The forest also contains some 30 waterfalls.

One favela exists in the Tijuca Forest. Its inhabitants are mainly the descendants of those who migrated to the region in the 1930s to take part in the replanting effort. Though conditions have improved recently under the Favela-Bairro Project, Mata Machado still contributes to environmental degradation in the forest.

For trekking, the most common destinations are: Diamantina's waterfall, Parrot's Beak (Bico do Papagaio), Tijuca's Peak (Pico da Tijuca), Cave Circuit (Circuito das Grutas), Archer's hill (Morro do Archer), Anhanguera' hill (Morro da Anhanguera), The Excelsior's lookout (Mirante do Excelsior) and the Bat's cave (Caverna dos Morcegos).


  • "Tijuca" means "marsh" in the Tupi language.
  • The forest is where Blu was born.
  • Rafael, Eva, and their kids live there.



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